- Cybersecurity Challenges for Canada and the United States (27 page .pdf from the Vancouver-based, politically conservative Fraser Institute), by Alan Dowd, Alexander Moens, and Seychelle Cushing – The Internet was designed not with security in mind, but rather openness and the free flow of information. The resulting globally connected Internet has brought unprecedented levels of information and commercial exchange, contributed enormous gains to individual prosperity, and promoted and expanded individual liberty. Only in recent years have governments, militaries, industries, firms, and individuals come to grips with how to protect legitimate activity in cyberspace without compromising the Internet’s open character. Overemphasizing security can restrict freedom and stifle entrepreneurial potential. Conversely, liberty in cyberspace without an appreciation of cybersecurity presents rising commercial and governmental costs as well as unacceptable threats to national security. One study on the economic costs of cyberespionage and other forms of cyberattack estimates the global costs at between $375 billion and $575 billion annually, and a range of nation-states, state-linked groups, and non-state actors are exploiting cyberspace to conduct espionage, military operations, and large-scale theft of intellectual property.
- 12 Risks that threaten human civilization (book-length report: pdf) – This is the executive summary of a report about a limited number of global risks that pose a threat to human civilisation, or even possibly to all human life. With such a focus it may surprise some readers to find that the report’s essential aim is to inspire action and dialogue as well as an increased use of the methodologies used for risk assessment. The real focus is not on the almost unimaginable impacts of the risks the report outlines. Its fundamental purpose is to encourage global collaboration and to use this new category of risk as a driver for innovation. The idea that we face a number of global challenges threatening the very basis of our civilisation at the beginning of the 21st century is well accepted in the scientific community, and is studied at a number of leading universities. But thereis still no coordinated approach to address this group of challenges and turn them into opportunities.
- The wonderful and terrifying implications of computers that can learn (Ted Talk video: mp4) – Data scientist Jeremy Howard
- Robo-Wars: The Regulation of Robotic Weapons (paper: pdf) – By Alex Leveringhaus and Gilles Giacca (from the Oxford Martin School at the University of Oxford)
- The rule of law on the Internet and in the wider digital world (paper: pdf) – Published by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights
- The Internet of Things: making the most of the Second Digital Revolution (paper: pdf) – A report by the UK Government Chief Scientific Adviser
- Research priorities for robust and beneficial artificial intelligence (paper: pdf) – By Daniel Dewey. Success in the quest for artificial intelligence has the potential to bring unprecedented benefits to humanity, and it is therefore worthwhile to research how to maximize these benefits while avoiding potential pitfalls. This document gives numerous examples (which should by no means be construed as an exhaustive list) of such worthwhile research aimed at ensuring that AI remains robust and beneficial.
- FINRA Report on Cybersecurity Practices (report: pdf) – Published in Feb. 2015, this 46 page report from the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) identifies “cybersecurity practices that firms should consider and tailor to their business model as they strengthen their cybersecurity efforts. … Like many organizations in the financial services and other sectors, broker-dealers (firms) are the target of cyberattacks. The frequency and sophistication of these attacks is increasing and individual broker-dealers, and the industry as a whole, must make responding to these threats a high priority. This report is intended to assist firms in that effort. Based on FINRA’s 2014 targeted examination of firms and other related initiatives, the report presents FINRA’s latest work in this critical area. Given the rapidly evolving nature and pervasiveness of cyberattacks, it is unlikely to be our last.”
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